**Year 1:**

Can compare, describe and solve practical problems for lengths and heights (e.g. long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half); mass or weight (e.g. heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than); capacity/volume (e.g. full/empty, more than, less than, quarter); and time (e.g. quicker, slower, earlier, later).

Can measure, and begin to record, length and height, mass/weight, and capacity and volume.

Can tell the time to the nearest hour and half past the hour, and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Can measure, and begin to record, the time in hours, minutes and seconds.

Can sequence events in chronological order, using language such as: before, after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening.

Can recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years.

Can recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes.

**Year 2:**

Can choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure to the nearest appropriate unit length/height in any direction (m/cm), using rulers; mass (kg/g), using scales; temperature (°C), using thermometers; measure capacity (litres/ml), using measuring vessels. The scales are read in divisions of ones, twos, fives and tens, where all numbers on the scale are given.

Can compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =

Can recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p).

Can find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money.

Can solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.

Can compare and sequence intervals of time.

Can tell and write the time to the nearest 15 minutes (using quarter past/to the hour) and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Can tell and write the time to five minutes and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

**Year 3:**

Can measure, compare, add and subtract lengths (m/cm/mm), mass (kg/g), and volume/capacity (l/ml).

Can measure the perimeter of simple 2-D shapes.

Can add and subtract amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts.

Can tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals from I to XII, and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks.

Can estimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes, hours and o’clock; use vocabulary such as a.m./p.m., morning, afternoon, noon and midnight.

Can say the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year.

Can compare durations of events, for example to calculate the time taken by particular events or tasks.

**Year 4:**

Can convert between different units of measure (e.g. kilometre to metre; hour to minute).

Can measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres.

Can find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares.

Can estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence.

Can read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12 and 24-hour clocks.

Can solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.

**Year 5:**

Can convert between different units of metric measure (e.g. kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre).

Can understand and use equivalences between metric units and common imperial units, such as inches, pounds and pints.

Can measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres.

Can calculate and compare the area of squares and rectangles, including using standard units, square centimetres (cm²) and square metres (m²).

Can estimate the area of irregular shapes.

Can estimate volume (e.g. using 1 cm3 blocks to build cubes and cuboids) and capacity (e.g. using water).

Can solve problems involving converting between units of time.

Can use all four operations to solve problems involving measure (e.g. length, mass, volume, money) using decimal notation, including scaling.

**Year 6:**

Can solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate.

Can use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places.

Can convert between miles and kilometres.

Can recognise that shapes with the same area can have different perimeters and vice versa.

Can recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes.

Can calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles.

Can calculate, estimate and compare the volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including centimetre cubed (cm³) and cubic metres (m³), and extending to other units such as mm³ and km³.